Two natural produces available at the time. Honey in the north from bees. Milk from the south from sheep and goats.
Milk is referring to the Southern part of Israel as it has a drier landscape that is for sheep and goats and goats produce milk.
Honey is referring to the Northern part of Israel as the rainfall produces a bountiful winter and springtime flowers produce pollen for bees to make honey
Milk derived from farm animals, chiefly goats in the South and honey from bee pollinators in the North.
The northern end of the Promised Land gets more rain and therefore has more flowers and blooms for the bees to get pollen from and to make honey with.
The southern end of the Promised Land is more suited for raising sheep, goats and cattle and the milk of the Promise Land comes from them.
The “land of milk and honey” refers to the commodities of the Promised Land. There are greater amounts of rainfall in the northern part of Israel bringing forth the beautiful winter and springtime flowers that the bees need to create honey. Farther south, the landscape is drier and people took to raising sheep and goats in this area. Goat’s milk is the main commodity of the south. Thus the “land of milk and honey” – the north produces honey; the south produces milk.
They describe the diversity of the land because honey is produced in areas where flowers and plants thrive which in the area would be the northern part of Israel and milke would come from pastural land where sheep and goats could be herded which would correspond to the southern part of Israel.
Referring to the regions of Israel: honey = north; milk = south.
It is referring to the honey that is produced in the north and the goat milk that is produced in the south
In the northern region, the conditions support agriculture, so bees have food to make honey.
In the southern region, the conditions support conditions for animals, so goat milk is available.
The Promised Land was called “the land of milk and honey” because of what the people could provide for their families and possibly the markets.
In the southern section, the climate was very dry and hot. They were unable to grow their food. So, they began raising sheep and goats. The goats provided the milk.
In the northern section, the climate was much different. There would be winters and a springs. The spring time flowers bloomed and the bees enjoyed.
The bees provided the honey.
So, it is beautiful to see that no matter the climate the Promised Land provided it all. Truly, the land of milk and honey.
“Honey” – as rainfall is higher on the North, flowers bloom and there is abundant natural produce of honey
“Milk” – as it gets drier towards the South, agricultural is impossible. Therefore there is a dependence on pastoralism and the livestock produces natural milk.
The Northern part of the Promised Land is getting more rainfall than the southern part. Because of this, the Northern region has a tremendous burst of winter and spring flowers, thus offering an opportunity for the bees to create honey.
By contrast, due to its drier climate, the southern part has to raise sheep and goats. Goat’s milk is, therefore, the primary producer of the south.
So, when the Lord speaks of this land as a land of honey and milk, He uses the produce from two parts of the Promised Land to help us understand the land as a whole. Honey is created in the north, while milk is produced in the south.