So that we can understand the who, what, where, when, how and why a book was written without getting caught up in the details of a passage. So we won’t be tempted to lock onto a specific passage and its meaning instead of looking at the whole book. We have to understand who the writer is, who its intended readers are, what time period they were writing in, what part of the Bible is the passage in, and what is the overall intend of the book.
It is important to know the background of the whole book in order to understand a passage.
The macro-observation helps to understand the background of the whole book. Micro-observation is understanding a single passage, but without doing a macro-observation first will prevent us from understanding the passage.
Macro-observation is needed to give us an understanding of the entire book prior to focusing in on specific passages. The only way that we will not take specific passages out of context is to have a complete understanding the entire book.
You do a macro observation first so that you understand who wrote the book who it was written to and it gives you a complete background of the book
This step is needed for proper interpretation of the micro study.
It is important to do macro-observation before doing micro-observation because the specific details need a context to support their proper interpretation. Paying attention to who the author is and his relationship to his intended audience, helps us to make sense of word choice, tone and structure, as these would be elected to serve the intended audience’s capacity to understand. Paying attention the themes being addressed in the whole book protects us from isolated and incomplete interpretations because it encourages us to ask, “How does this passage help the author convey the overall theme of the book?” It supports us in placing the Bible’s intentions at the center, instead of exalting our own. Paying attention to how the book is structured helps us to track the trajectory of the author’s intentional path to conveying his central meaning to his intended audience. Paying attention to where the book was written helps to provide insight on the author’s frame of mind and the symbols and images that would have resonated with him at the time of writing and why. It also provides insight about the symbols and images that would have made sense to his audience as well. Paying attention to when gives us an understanding of where in the history of God’s people the account was written, which provides a window to the unique socio-historical pressures of the time and therefore the choices made in language and format and even the necessity for the work. Finally, paying attention to why the book was written helps us to let the Bible speak for itself. It invites us to prioritize God’s intention in penning His truth through the writer and making it available to us-a protection from our own fleshly tendencies to have God fashioned in our own image.
It’s a matter of avoiding the problem of not being able to “see the forest for the trees”. The interesting nature of the specifics of a book may prevent us from seeing where and how the specifics fit into the whole. The result is we can’t be sure of either the meanings of a book’s verses, paragraphs, and chapters or the meaning of the book as a whole.
The detail and progression of observations are different and have different aspects to each.
It is important because you can’t accurately study any single text in a book of the Bible until the larger questions of who, what, where, when, why and how about the whole book are answered.